Wisdom teeth, or third molars, are the last of the adult teeth to erupt into the dental arch. Wisdom teeth usually begin to come in during the teenage years, which some have called "the age of wisdom". The third molars begin to develop during the early teen years and are usually recommended for removal between the ages of 13 and 21.
Most people's jaw bones are not large enough to accommodate this third set of molars, which can pose a number of problems that usually require removal of the wisdom teeth. These teeth are positioned in the back of the mouth behind the second molars. They have little or no utility today, and like the appendix are considered vestigial organs.
Because there is often not enough room in the jaw to accommodate a third set of molars, wisdom teeth often create dental problems for patients. If there is not enough room behind the second molars for the teeth to erupt, they remain trapped beneath bone and tissue, or impacted. Impacted wisdom teeth and partially impacted wisdom teeth can become abscessed, infected and painful. Poorly positioned third molars can cause damage and decay in adjacent teeth. In some cases, cysts and bone destruction can occur which can cause problems for the patient and damage other teeth. Impacted wisdom teeth can cause dental crowding and orthodontic relapse in patients who have completed orthodontic treatment.
Some of the problems that can be caused by wisdom teeth are listed below. Schedule a consultation with your Dallas wisdom teeth expert to find out more about your dental condition.
· Wisdom Tooth pain and swelling
· Jaw pain
· Dental crowding
· Infection and abscess